Access V – получить доступ cd-rewriter – привод для чтения и многократной перезаписи компакт-дисков cpu




страница1/12
Дата26.08.2016
Размер1.24 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12



PART 1 BASIC VOCABULARY

UNIT 1 The computer


Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

access v – получить доступ

CD-rewriterпривод для чтения и многократной перезаписи компакт-дисков

CPU (Central Processing Unit) – центральный процессор

data - информация

definition - определение

desktop PCнастольный компьютер

expensiveдорогой

get realбыть ближе к жизни

graphicsграфика, любые изображения

hard discжесткий диск

headingзаголовок

HW (hardware) – оборудование, аппаратура, “железо”

insideвнутри

IT (Information Technologies) – информационные технологии, информатика

keyboard - клавиатура

Linuxлинукс, некоммерческая операционная система Линуса Торвальдса

MacOS (Macintosh OS) – операционная система фирмы Apple для ПК Power Macintosh

magazine - журнал

match v smth to smthсопоставить что-либо чему-либо

measure v– измерять

monitorмонитор

mouseмышь (компьютерная)

notebook (PC) – ПК размера записной книжки

OS (operating system) – операционная система

PC (Personal Computer) – ПК (персональный компьютер)

performanceбыстродействие, эффективность

peripheral (device) – внешнее, периферийное устройство

portableпереносимый

price - цена

process v – обрабатывать

RAM (Random Access Memory) – ОЗУ (оперативное запоминающее устройство), оперативная память

run v – 1. выполнять (программу)

2. работать

scanner - сканнер

screenэкран, окно

separateотдельный

similarподобный, схожий

specificationsтехнические характеристики

store v - хранить

SW (software) – программное обеспечение, программы

tower – корпус (системного блока)

type v - печатать

unitзд. аппарат

Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) – беспроводная связь для компьютеров

workshop – практическое занятие, семинар


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

A detailed description of how sth is, or should be, designed or made ( ); a device that can be attached to a computer and that can read and write to writable discs ( ); a disc inside the computer that stores all the data and programs in the computer ( ); a metal box that contains the CPU, hard disc drive and power supply for a PC ( ); a piece of computer hardware that can read images on paper and change the information into data that a computer can use ( ); a separate part of a PC with a large screen that shows information from the computer ( ); a small device that you can move across a surface with your hand to control the movement of a cursor ( ); a small personal computer that you can carry ( ); a wireless technology for computers ( ); how well or badly a computer, machine, etc. works or does sth. ( ); information that is stored by a computer ( ); pictures or images that are used especially in the design of magazines, Web pages, etc. ( ); the general term used for a computer, which usually consists of a monitor, a tower, a keyboard and a mouse ( ); the machinery and electronic parts of a computer system that you can touch, such as keyboard, the CPU, etc. ( ); the part of a computer that controls all the other parts of the system, such as memory, speed and power supply ( ); the programs used by a computer ( );to be able to open a file, website, program, database, etc. ( ); to keep information or data in a computer’s memory ( ); to use a computer program ( ); a set of buttons (keys) that you press to operate a computer ( ); any piece of hardware (=machinery, etc. that forms part of or connects to a computer) apart from the CPU and the working memory ( ); computer memory in which data can be changed or removed and then looked at in any order. When you switch the computer off you lose all the data in it ( ).



UNIT 2 The desktop


Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

add – добавлять

appear – появляться

background picture – фоновая картинка, тема

boot up – загружать

box – квадратное окошко

CD-ROM (Compact Disk Read-Only-Memory) drive – дисковод компакт-дисков

come into view – появляться в поле зрения

complete - дополнить

contain – содержать

control panel – панель управления

Date – число месяца

delete – удалять, стирать из памяти

desktop – рабочий стол

DisplayСвойства: Экран (опции изменения внешнего вида рабочего стола)

double-click – производить двойной щелчок

drive – дисковод

favourite – любимый

floppy disk – флоппи-дисковод

folder – папка

hold – содержать

icon – иконка, пиктограмма, значок

include – включать

make notes – сделать заметки

number of – (некоторое) число

personalize – оформить по собственному вкусу

Recycle Bin – корзина

remove – убирать

report - рассказать

screen-saver - заставка

time – 1. время дня

2. раз


turn on - включать

way – способ, образ

Windows Explorer – проводник


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

A CD, for use on a computer, which has data recorded on it. The data cannot be changed or removed, unlike CD-RW disks, on which data can be changed ( ); a flat disc inside a plastic cover, that is used to store information in a form that a computer can read, and that can be removed from the computer ( ); a particular feature of Windows® that lets you change the way your computer screen looks by choosing your own screen background, screen saver, etc. ( ); a place where a number of computer files or documents can be stored together ( ); a small symbol on a computer screen which represents a program or a file ( ); the first screen that appears when you turn on the computer and which displays icons that represent files, folders, documents, etc. ( ); the folder in Microsoft Windows® where files or programs that have been deleted or removed are stored ( ); the part of a computer that reads and stores information on discs ( ); the picture or colour on the first screen that appears when you turn on the computer ( ); to design or change sth so that it is suitable for the needs of one particular person ( ); to come into view so that you can see sb/sth ( ); to press one of the buttons on a mouse twice quickly in order to start an action on screen ( ); to remove sth that has been stored on a computer ( ).


UNIT 3 Using a word processor

Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

ABC-check – проверка правописания

above – сверху над

addition sign – знак сложения

Alt (Alternate) – выбор

arrow key – клавиша со стрелкой

at the bottom – внизу

at the top – наверху

below – внизу, вниз

below – ниже

between – между

BkSp (Back Space) – назад

bold (print) – жирный (о начертании)

cancel – отменить

Caps Lock (Capital letters) – фиксация верхнего регистра (прописных букв)

character – символ, знак

character [`kWrBktB] – знак, символ

check – проверять

choose (chose, chosen) – выбирать

clipboard, on the ~ – буфер обмена, в буфере

Del (Delete) - удалить

division sign – знак деления

End – в конец строки

Enter – ввод

error – ошибка

Fn (Function/Application)функциональная клавиша при работе в Windows

font - шрифт

highlight – выделять цветом

Home – в начало строки

image – рисунок

Ins (Insert) – вставить

italic(s) – курсив

layout – схема размещения, верстка

location – место, расположение

menu bar – полоска меню (в верхней части окна)

multiplication sign – знак умножения

next to – рядом с

noun – существительное

on the right/left from – справа/слева от

opposite – противоположный

paragraph – абзац

paste – вставить (из буфера)

PgDn (Page Down) – страницу вниз

PgUp (Page Up) – страницу вверх

Print Layout – Предварительный просмотр

put in – вставить

settings – установки

Shift – сдвиг регистра

similar – подобный

subtraction sign – знак вычитания

table – таблица

thesaurus – словарь синонимов и антонимов

tool - инструмент

toolbar – панель инструментов

type – печатать (на машинке)

underline - подчеркнуть

underlined – подчеркнутый

Undo – Отменить ввод

view v – просматривать

word processor – текстовый процессор, текстовый редактор

word-processing tools – инструменты обработки текста


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

A book that is like a dictionary, but in which words are arranged in groups that have similar meanings ( ); a copy or picture of sth seen on a computer ( ); a file or memory area where computer data is kept for a short time while the user cuts or copies sth from an open document ( ); a place where sth happens or exists ( ); a program or computer that lets you carry out word-processing functions ( ); a row of symbols (icons), usually below the menu bar, that represent the different commands or tools that a user needs to use a program ( ); a row of words or commands (File, Edit, etc.) that are shown at the top of a computer screen ( ); a single letter, number or space that is typed in a computer document ( ); a thing that helpsyou to do your job or to achieve sth ( ); one or several of the positions of the controls of a computer that control the way sth looks or works and that can be changed by the user ( ); the particular style of a set of letters that are used in printing etc., such as Times New Roman ( ); the purpose or special activity of sth/sb ( ); to copy or move text or graphics into a document from somewhere else ( ); to look or be able to see sth ( ); to mark part of a text with a special coloured pen, or to mark an area on a computer screen to emphasize it or make it easier to see ( ); to put sth into sth or between two things ( ).






UNIT 4 Word processing: for and against

Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

application form – бланк заявления (о приеме на работу/учебу)

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) [`A:skN] – американский стандартный код для обмена информацией

birthday card – открытка «С Днем рождения»

caseсуд. дело

coding system – система кодирования

exact copy – точная копия

for and against – за и против

for salenotice – объявление «продается»



formal letter – официальное письмо

format v – форматировать

formatting features – опции форматирования

handwriting – письмо от руки

handwritten – написанный от руки

informal letter – неофициальное письмо

manual typewriter – ручная (механическая) печатная машинка

neat – аккуратный

note – записка

Notepad – Блокнот (редактор)

organize v - упорядочить

print – печатать

school paperамер. школьный реферат

shopping list – список необходимых покупок

standardтиповой, обычный

text editor – текстовый редактор


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

A code used to represent English characters as numbers so that data can be moved between computers that use different programs ( ); a program, such as Notepad, that allows you to write and edit files ( ); normal or average ( ); a way of representing data ( ); done or controlled by hand rather than automatically ( ); something important, interesting or typical of a place or thing ( ); to change or arrange text in a particular way on a page or screen ( ); to put sth in order; to tidy sth ( ).


UNIT 5 Storing data

Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

Appleфирма, производящая компьютеры

back-up (copy) – резервная копия

back up v – сделать резервную копию чего либо

click – щелкать кнопкой мыши (на графическом знаке)

compact disk (CD) – компакт-диск, сменный пластиковый диск с оптическим считыванием информации

crashдавать аварийный сбой, отказывать

desktop pictures – картинки на рабочем столе

diagram – рисунок

directoryкаталог

e-book (electronic book) – э-книга, электронная книга

folder – папка

gigabyte (GB) – гигабайт, 1024 Мбайт

history essaysэссе по истории

hold pictures – вмещать картинки

listсписок

local diskлокальный диск

minus sign – знак минус

Network – сеть

OS (operating system) – операционная система

plus sign – знак плюс

portable removable disk – переносной сменный диск

reportдоклад

science reports – доклады по предметам естественно-научного цикла

screen saver – хранитель экрана (экранная заставка)

without order – без порядка


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

(Used about a computer) to suddenly stop working ( ); a copy of a computer file, etc. that can be used if the original is lost or damaged ( ); a disk that stores data and that can be taken out of the computer and carried about with you ( ); a list of the files or programs stored on a computer’s hard drive ( ); a number of computers and other devices that are connected together so that equipment and information can be shared ( ); a place where a number of computer files or documents can be stored together ( ); a program that runs a moving image on a computer screen when the keyboard and the mouse are not being used ( ); a unit of measurement used to measure the size of the hard disk ( ); to make a copy of a computer file, program, etc. that can be used in case the main one fails or needs extra support ( ); to press one of the buttons on a mouse to start an action on screen ( ).


UNIT 6 Creating a folder

Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

button - кнопка

anywhereв любом месте

box – блок; вмещающий (ограничивающий) прямоугольник

camera – фотоаппарат

Close… - Закрыть …

createсоздать

cursor – курсор

drop-down menuниспадающее меню

EditПравка

edit v – править, редактировать

list v – внести в список

maximizeразвернуть окно до максимального размера

minimizeсворачивать окно до размера кнопки

mouse button – кнопка мыши

name v - назвать

New… - Создать…

pointer – указатель (мыши)

Properties - Свойства

RenameПереименовать

restore – восстановить

row – строка, ряд (напр. иконок)

ShortcutЯрлык

shortcut keyклавиша быстрого выбора команд (обычно в сочетании с Ctrl или Alt)

underscoreсимвол подчеркивания «_»

tape recorder – магнитофон

to flash on and off – мигать

Tools – Сервис

type – печатать

UndoОтменить ввод

video recorder – видео-магнитофон


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

(On computer screens) a small box that a user clicks, using a mouse, to tell the computer to do sth. A mouse also has two such objects - left and right – that you press in order to operate it ( ); a keyboard operation that starts a command (for example pressing Ctrl and S together to save a document) ( ); a list of possible choices that appears on a computer screen when you click on a title at the top ( ); a small arrow on a computer screen that you move by moving the mouse ( ); a symbol of underlining (e.g. Save) that shows a shortcut key in the menu bar. These symbols vary between computers and programs ( ); an icon that opens a program the small flashing mark on a computer screen that shows where the next character (=letter or number) on the screen will be displayed ( ); to make a window on a computer into an icon ( ); to make one window on a computer screen bigger in size, so that it covers the whole screen ( ); to prepare a piece of text to be published, making sure that it is correct, the right length, etc. ( ); to put sth back into the position or condition it was in before ( );


UNIT 7 Saving files

Ex.1 Study the active vocabulary

advantage – преимущество

change – изменение

class (in English) – занятие (по английскому языку)

default – (значение) по умолчанию

default v – установиться по умолчанию

describe v – описывать

dialog box – диалоговое окно

digital – цифровой

disadvantage – недостаток

exactly – в точности

exist v – существовать

existing adj – имеющийся, существующий

file – файл

group v – группировать

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) – формат хранения графических файлов, сжатых алгоритмом с коэффициентом более 25:1, с потерей качества

kinds of functions – виды функций

lose (lost, lost) v - потерять

pet – любимое животное

Save as type v – Сохранить как

Save v - Сохранить

search v – вести поиск, искать

search engine – поисковая машина, поисковая служба

TIFF (Tag Image File Format) – тегированный формат для сжатия и хранения файлов изображения, разработанный компаниями Aldus и Microsoft.

Untitled – Без имени (имя графического файла)

visual image – визуальный образ

web-page – веб-страница, HTML документ, доступный через сеть

website – Интернет страница

word-processing document – документ, созданный с помощью текстового процессора

word-processing program – программа текстового редактора


Ex.2 Translate the definitions into Russian and find their shorter English equivalents

A box that appears on a computer screen asking you to choose what you want to do next by typing or clicking buttons ( ); a collection of information, such as Word document, which is stored in a computer, under a particular name ( ); a collection of text, pictures, sound etc. that you see in a window on your screen when you visit a website ( ); a file type for storing photographs and images ( ); a place connected to the Internet, where a company, an organization, etc. puts information that can be found on the World Wide Web. It usually consists of several Web pages ( ); a program (such as Google™ or Alta vista™) that lets you search the World Wide Web for information ( ); having no title or name. A graphics program will usually store a file as such if no other name is given ( ); that is already there or being used; present ( ); the instruction or command that tells a computer how (=in what file format) you want to store a particular file ( ); to examine sth carefully because you are looking for sth ( ); to make a computer store and keep data ( ); using an electronic system that uses the numbers 1 and 0 to store data ( ); what usually happens or appears on a computer screen if you do not make any other choice or change ( ).

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   12


База данных защищена авторским правом ©infoeto.ru 2016
обратиться к администрации
Как написать курсовую работу | Как написать хороший реферат
    Главная страница