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Раздел 1. Аудирование


Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

  1. One of the major concerns in the city is air pollution.

  2. The area is affected by the climate change.

  3. One of the major concerns in the modern world is waste.

  4. Cities will soon face housing problem.

  5. The modern world is afflicted by wars and conflicts.

  6. The city’s main environmental concern is water pollution.

  7. The city faces major traffic problems.










Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Kevin opened his restaurant in Chilean capital Santiago.


They serve traditional Chilean and English dishes in the restaurant.


Generally people don’t think that the English are good at cooking.


Kevin is a good cook himself.


If you want to have a really good and inexpensive meal in Britain you should go to a pub.


The position of a chef is challenging for women.


Kevin thinks that French cuisine is better than English.









Соответствие диалогу

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3 Michael Stein, the TV critic, is …

1) excited about the series.

2) bored with the series.

3) is concerned about the effect the series had on the teenagers.


4 How many teenagers took part in the TV show?

1) 30

2) 13

3) 16


5 The teenagers who took part in the TV show …

1) didn’t have to sleep at the school all the time.

2) stayed inside the school grounds all the time.

3) stayed in contact with their parents.


6 The uniform they had to wear wasn’t …

1) that bad.

2) unfashionable.

3) comfortable.


7 The students weren’t allowed …

1) to stay behind after classes.

2) to talk during the classes.

3) to talk to adults.


8 The children failed their exams because …

1) they weren’t intelligent enough.

2) they weren’t motivated enough.

3) they weren’t accustomed to this type of exams.


9 After the programme its participants learnt to appreciate …

1) the 1950’s lifestyle.

2) their current lifestyle.

3) challenges in their lives.


По окончании выполнения заданий 1–9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. Чтение


Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

  1. False impressions

  1. Surprising figures

  1. A challenge for translators

  1. Time is needed

  1. Realising the need for variety

  1. Smaller firms will benefit

  1. Different cultures, different needs

  1. Proficiency in English


English is so often used on the Internet that it might make you think everyone in the world speaks English, or at least give you the impression that it is the world's most widely-spoken language. If this were true, it would, of course, bring benefits for worldwide communication and understanding, though it could also possibly become a threat to cultural diversity. English certainly seems to be everywhere, from films to pop music and TV, and from business to science and other fields.


Information varies, but suggests that about 75% of the pages on the Web are in English. Yet English is the mother tongue for only 5.4% of the world's population, while a further 7% of the world's population are proficient speakers of English. This means that only around 12% of the world's population can communicate well in English. This figure is nowhere near the total number of people speaking Chinese languages, which, at 20.7%, is much higher.


More and more people are accessing the Internet nowadays, including many companies wanting to conduct e-business. As a consequence, the position of English is beginning to change. Both Europe and Asia are growth areas, with businesses increasing their use of the Internet and people would apparently rather buy things online if they can order in their own language.


However, creating a multilingual website is not an easy task. Companies wishing to translate their sites for different markets basically face both technical and linguistic problems. They are unable to use automated translation systems, which already exist in the market, simply because the quality is not good enough for professional use. Businesses all over the world are now faced with this huge challenge.


Moreover, translating websites is only the beginning. Customers with questions or problems will need to discuss matters in their own language, for example, while prices will need to be in the local currency. Dates will also need to be in the right format to avoid confusion. Companies will need to adapt their advertising materials so as not to offend different cultures. They may also have to change their way of doing business to suit certain customers - in Japan, for example, as the Japanese do not tend to give their credit card details over the Web. There are also legal issues to take into consideration.


Such vast changes will not happen overnight. It is impossible to say exactly how many texts there are on the Web as the number is changing all the time. One thing which is certain, however, is that a growth in the use of Internet is guaranteed. Companies doing e-business simply need time to translate their sites into the various languages necessary to do business. Meanwhile, more and more material in different languages is being added to the Web at a fast pace.


While all this is happening, local companies, with few employees, doing e-business only in the language of their target market and who are also aware of the cultural aspects of that market, will certainly be at advantage. The problems of language and culture could well limit larger companies from expanding and so offer more opportunities to local businesses in poorer area of the world.










Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.


Mars is one of the planets in the solar system. It is the fourth planet from the Sun and orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 228 million km. Mars is named for the Roman god of war and is sometimes called the red planet A____________.

The most detailed information available about Mars has come from unpiloted spacecraft sent to the planet by the United States between 1964 and 1976. From this data, scientists have determined that the planet's atmosphere consists primarily of carbon dioxide, with small amounts of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapour, and other gases. Daily temperatures can vary as much as 100 Celsius degrees B____________. The planet resembles a cold, high-altitude desert.

Mars is a relatively small planet, with about half the diameter of Earth and about one-tenth Earth's mass. The surface area of Mars is almost exactly the same C____________. Mars is believed to be about the same age as Earth.

The Martian day, D____________, is about a half an hour longer than an Earth day and is sometimes called a sol. Its year, E____________, is about two Earth years long. Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos which are named after the dogs of the Roman god Mars. Phobos orbits Mars once in less than one Martian day, F____________, usually twice each day. Deimos has the more ordinary habit of rising in the east and setting in the west.

1. that is the time it takes Mars to rotate once on its axis

2. so it appears to rise in the west and set in the east

3. because it makes up a great distance

4. because it appears fiery red in Earth's night sky

5. or the time it takes to revolve once around the Sun

6. because the atmosphere is extremely thin

7. as the surface area of the dry land on Earth








Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Theatre for the deaf

There was a time when deaf people couldn't experience the joy of a theatrical performance. This is all changing, thanks to Sign Language theatre interpreters.

Deaf people should enjoy a play as much as the hearing audience. This is the thinking behind the Americans with Disabilities Act, which requires that theatres become accessible to deaf people. Theatre producers, on the other hand, are beginning to realise that such a feature makes their product attractive to a wider audience – with considerable financial rewards.

Interpreted theatre usually takes place at two or three performances in a theatre season. Preference for tickets is given to the deaf and their guests, but tickets are also sold to hearing people who are interested in seeing theatre interpreters at work.

It is a colossal project for the interpreters. Ian Cox works for SeeTheatre, a Chicago-based association of interpreters. He says, "for about a month we work 25 with the support of a Sign Language consultant to translate and rehearse an entire play. The workload is immense. Consider that each actor in the play has about four weeks to rehearse his or her lines; we have to learn the whole play in as much time. And, when interpreting musicals, where timing, rhythm and harmonies must be practiced, the workload doubles."

The most important technical aspect of theatre interpretation for the deaf is the location of the interpreter. Placement strategies can be categorised into three styles: 'placed', where interpreters are located outside the acting space and do not move; 'zoned', where interpreters are within the acting space, but usually move only during a change of scene or act; and, finally, 'shadowed', where interpreters move freely within the acting space, shadowing the movement of the actors for whom they are interpreting.

The 'placed' style of interpreting in the theatre is by far the most common. The interpreters are side-by-side and face the audience (although some interpreters interact with each other as appropriate). The location of the interpreter is generally in one of three places: stage right or stage left, or on the floor of the house.

The 'zoned' style of interpreter placement is a happy medium between the 'placed' and 'shadowed' styles. Here, interpreters are placed side-by-side within the acting space. Usually, they change position on stage from scene to scene - or from act to act - in order to be within the same 'zone' as the majority of the action. Zone placement makes it easier for the deaf patron to see the interpreters and actors at the same time.

The 'shadowed' style of interpreting is the most inclusive style of interpreting for the theatre. It involves placing the interpreters directly within the action - nearly making them 'sign language actors'. The interpreters are 'blocked' into each scene, and literally shadow the actors. The advantage of this is clear: the interpreter is in such close proximity to the actor that the deaf patron need not make a decision about whom to watch -he or she can watch both at the same time. In the best of cases, the deaf patron mentally blends the interpreter with the actor, and forgets that the actor does not sign.

Theatre interpreters for the deaf are dedicated professionals who take great pride in their work. "Theatre," says Ian, "is the art of communicating beautiful ideas in interesting ways. Interpreted theatre, therefore, is an art in itself. Thankfully, instead of seeing us as 'additions', producers nowadays think of interpreters for the deaf as a new avenue to creativity."

12 Theatre interpreters have become commonplace because

  1. deaf people were avoiding the theatre.

  2. theatres wanted to become more accessible.

  3. a new law made their presence compulsory.

  4. producers wanted a way to attract audiences.


13 Why do hearing people go to see interpreted performances?

  1. They are the most popular performances of the season.

  2. They are even better than standard performances.

  3. They give a better understanding of the play.

  4. They offer a chance to admire the work of interpreters.


14 In which style(s) of interpreting do the interpreters change their position?

  1. the 'zoned' style

  2. the 'zoned' and the 'shadowed' styles

  3. the 'placed' and the 'shadowed' styles

  4. the 'shadowed' style


15 Why does the writer refer to the 'zoned' style as 'a happy medium'?

  1. It combines elements from the two other styles.

  2. It is mostly used in light-hearted plays.

  3. It allows the interpreters to mix with the actors.

  4. It makes the interpreter's job easier.


16 What does the word 'this' (paragraph 8) refer to?

  1. the advantages of the 'shadowed' style

  2. the position of the interpreters

  3. the action in a performance

  4. the placement of the actors


17 What does Ian say about theatre producers in the last paragraph?

  1. They appreciate the work of interpreters.

  2. They think interpreters are expensive.

  3. They see interpreters as a necessary evil.

  4. They don't respect interpreters.


18 What is the writer's purpose in the text?

  1. To inspire interest in the topic.

  2. To advertise interpreted theatre.

  3. To show the variety in modern theatre.

  4. To criticise the altitude of theatre directors.


По окончании выполнения заданий 10–18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.





It is easy to understand why we treat our pets as members of the family. Our pets have feelings and emotions, and many are similar to ____________. But these furry members of the family differ from us in important ways.

We must respect our dogs and cats as species that are unique and quite different from us and from each other, not simply as people. Getting to know your pet will likely help you improve your cat or____________ health and behavior, and you might even learn a little about _______________ . We would like to treat our pets as we would treat other people, but dogs or cats don't think the way we do.




Intelligence tests



Intelligence tests often play a decisive role in determining whether a person ________to college, graduate school, or professional school.

Thousands of people take intelligence tests every year, but many psychologists and education experts question whether these tests are an accurate way of measuring who ____________or fail in school and later in life.

A typical American adolescent ____________more than 5,000 hours in high school and several thousand more hours studying in the library and at home. But for those students who wish ____________on to college, much of their fate is determined in the three or so hours it takes to complete the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) or the American College Test (ACT).



Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26–31, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 26–31.

Burglarproof your home





Can you imagine anything worse than returning home to find that burglars have broken into your house? Unfortunately, this happens to about 1 million people in Britain ______________

However, if you want better .___________ against burglars there are several things you can do.

To improve _____________, check all the locks on your doors and windows. The installation of lighting all around the house will make sure a burglar is ______________ to hide in the shadows. An alarm system is another good preventive measure you can take.

Starting a ____________ watch group is also a very effective way to prevent crime in your area. Since most burglaries take place when people are away on holiday, this is when your neighbours’ help is most ______________ . Ask them to collect your mail, open and close your curtains every day switch your lights on and off and even mow your lawn to make your house look occupied.





Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32–38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32–38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Fun and Games

Do you think computer games are just for kids? Then you (32) ..... think again. You might be surprised to learn that the games industry now makes more money than Hollywood. (33) ..... a family buys a new PC, all they really want to do is to play games.

It is hardly surprising that video gaming has become one of the most popular (34) ..... of entertainment today. A good game is like a good film; it will hold your (35) ...... capture your imagination and play with your emotions.

The big difference, however, is that watching a movie is a passive pastime. You have no say in how the plot (36) ..... or which characters dominate the story. With computer games, you direct the action and that is what makes them so exciting. Finding the right game is likely to signal the beginning of a lasting love affair with the interactive (37) ..... of make-believe.

It is (38) ..... to think of gaming as something simply for children and teenagers. In fact, the biggest growth area of the market is the 25-35 age group.













As soon as


As well as


As far as


As long as




















































По окончании выполнения заданий 19–38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19–31 буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nancy who writes:

I’m getting ready for my end-of-the-term exams but finding it difficult to remember all the important facts. How do you prepare for your important exams? How many hours a day do you spend revising? Do you feel stressed out before your exams?

I can’t wait to have my winter holidays this year. I have so many plans and ideas about them!

Write a letter to Nancy.

In your letter

  • answer her questions

  • ask 3 questions about her holiday plans.

Write 100–140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

40 Comment on the following statement.

Movies should amuse and entertain rather than make the audience think.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

  • express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion

  • explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

  • make a conclusion restating your position

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